شکایت به دلیل حقوقی بودن چک در چه صورت پیگرد کیفری ندارد

قانون به صدور چک بلامحل به عنوان یک جرم نگاه کرده است. هر جرمی برای وقوع، نیاز به شرایطی دارد. قانون اعلام می دارد که در صورت وجود هر یک از حالات یا شرایط زیر، صدور چک بلامحل جرم کیفری نخواهد بود.

بنابراین در هر یک از موارد زیر، شکایت شاکی به دلیل حقوقی بودن چک پیگرد کیفری نخواهد داشت:

1. چک وعده دار باشد

چک باید به صورت نقد و بدون وعده صادر شود. زیرا چک باید همانند اسکناس وسیله پرداخت نقدی باشد. بنابراین اگر به فرض مثال، امروز چکی برای تاریخ فردا یا هفته یا ماه یا سال آینده صادر شود، صادرکننده چک مجازات کیفری نخواهد شد. زیرا این چک حقوقی است. همان طور که می دانید، صدور چک بدون وعده، بسیار نادراست و حتی بسیاری از چک هایی که صادرکنندگان آن توسط دادگاه به مجازات حبس محکوم می شوند، در واقع چک های وعده دار و حقوقی هستند اما دلیل تعیین مجازات در این موارد آن است که صادرکنندگان چک به عنوان متهم در دادسرا یا دادگاه قادر به اثبات این موضوع که چک به صورت وعده دار صادر شده است نیستند. بنابراین نحوه اثبات این موضوع و شیوه دفاع، از اهمیت فراوانی برخوردار است.

2.چک بابت تضمین انجام تهعد یا معامله باشد

منشا و علت صدور چک باید بدهی صادرکننده معادل مبلغ چک باشد، مانند آنکه شخصی بابت خرید یک دستگاه اتومبیل یا آپارتمان یک فقره چک برای پرداخت تمام یا قسمتی از وجه معامله صادر کند. اما اگر مبنا و علت صدور چک مدیونیت و بدهکاری صادرکننده نباشد، بلکه به عنوان تضمین معامله یا تعهد صادر شده باشد صادرکننده قابل تعقیب کیفری و مجازات نخواهد بود.مثل آنکه شخصی مغازه یا منزل مسکونی را اجاره کرده باشد و مالک خانه یا مغازه در اجاره نامه از مستاجر تعهد بگیرد که در راس انقضای مدت اجاره و در پایان مدت اجاره، محل را تخلیه کند.

سپس برای آنکه به گمان خود تضمینی برای این تعهد دریافت کرده باشد، از مستاجر بخواهد که یک فقره چک ( به طور مثال معادل قیمت منزل یا مغازه) به عنوان تضمین تعهد به تخلیه صادر و به او ارایه کند. مثال دیگر آنکه، خریدار یک دستگاه آپارتمان از فروشنده بخواهد برای تضمین تعهد به انتقال سند در دفترخانه، یک فقره چک صادر کند و به دست خریدار یا به نزد واسطه (بنگاه) بسپارد. در تمامی این موارد به دلیل آنکه صادرکننده در حقیقت مبلغ ذکر شده در متن چک را بدهکار نیست. بنابراین صادرکننده قابل تعقیب کیفری و قابل مجازات نخواهد بود. این که چک بابت تضمین صادر شده است ممکن است در متن خود چک ذکر شده باشد و یا آنکه این مطلب در چک بیان نشده باشد. اما صادرکننده بتواند به طریق دیگری (مانند قولنامه یا شهادت شهود) این موضوع را اثبات کند.

3.چک سفید امضا صادر شده باشد

یعنی اینکه صادرکننده بدون قید مبلغ، تاریخ و نام دارنده، فقط چک را امضا و ارایه کرده باشد.

4.ثابت شود چک بدون تاریخ بوده است

معمولا در این گونه موارد، دارنده چک، قبل از شکایت و قبل از مراجعه به بانک، مبادرت به درج تاریخ می کند. اما چنانچه در مرجع قضایی ثابت شود صادرکننده در هنگام صدور، تاریخ چک را ننوشته است صادرکننده مسئولیت کیفری نخواهد داشت.

اغلب تصور می کنند، چکی که حقوقی می شود از اعتبار افتاده است و بی ارزش است. در حالی که این گونه نیست. در چک های حقوقی فقط صادرکننده قابل تعقیب و مجازات کیفری نیست اما می توان تقاضای توقیف اموال و دارایی صادرکننده را کرد و دادگاه نیز حکم به پرداخت مبلغ چک خواهد داد مگر آنکه با دفاعیات خوانده (صادرکننده) ثابت شود که به طور کلی طلبی وجود ندارد یا آنکه چک بابت ربا صادر شده است یا به هر دلیل دیگر دارنده چک (خواهان) استحقاقی ندارد.

5. وصول چک منوط به تحقق شرط باشد

این شرط ممکن است در خود متن چک ذکر شده باشد یا آنکه بعدها بر اساس یک فقره قولنامه، صورتجلسه، شهادت شهود و غیره اثبات شود. به طورمثال خریدار اتومبیل، تمام یا قسمتی از مبلغ معامله را به صورت یک فقره چک صادر و در اختیار طلبکار (یعنی فروشنده) یا واسطه (بنگاه) بگذارد و شرط کند که تنها پس از انتقال سند در محضر، طلبکار حق داشته باشد به بانک مراجعه و وجه چک را وصول کند.

6.چک بابت معاملات نامشروع باشد

هرگاه ثابت شود چک بابت معاملات نامشروع یا ربا (بهره) صادر شده است.

7.زمان مراجعه

هرگاه دارنده چک تا 6 ماه از تاریخ صدور چک برای وصول آن به بانک مراجعه نکند، یا ظرف 6 ماه از تاریخ صدور گواهی عدم پرداخت (یعنی برگشتی از بانک) شکایت نکند.

غیر از موارد بالا، در سایر موارد، چک کیفری است یعنی صادرکننده چک قابل تعقیب کیفری و مستوجب مجازات خواهد بود.

مشاوره رایگان قضایی
هموطنان می توانند سوالات خود را
از ساعت 8 صبح تا 2 بعد از ظهر با شماره 129 تماس حاصل فرمایند.
.
و از ساعت 2 بعدازظهر تا 6 بعدازظهر با شماره 09121900500 تماس تلفنی حاصل فرمایند.
.
همچنین هموطنان می توانند از طریق برنامه واتس آپ در طول 24 ساعت شبانه روز سوالات خود را نیز ارسال نمایند و پاسخ دریافت نمایند و همچنین مشاوران قضایی آماده تنظیم دادخواست و لایحه نیز می باشند.

همچنین به اطلاع می رساند
کل فرم های قضایی با متن لازم در لینک ذیل موجود است
http://iran5050.com/?cat=138
که شما می توانید رایگان دانلود کنید و در دادگاه استفاده نمایید
تنها کافیست که فرم مورد نظر خود را جستجو نمایید

در مورد دیه اعضای مختلف بدن بطور کامل و بصورت تشریحی در لینک ذیل موجود می باشد.
http://iran5050.com/?p=5877
کلیه اطلاعات لازم در مورد دیه بصورت جزء به جزء توضیح داده شده است.

در مورد طلاق لینک ذیل را مطالعه فرمایید
http://iran5050.com/?s=طلاق
در مورد عدم تمکین لینک ذیل را مطالعه فرمایید
http://iran5050.com/?s=عدم+تمکین
در مورد ضرب و جرح لینک ذیل را مطالعه فرمایید
http://iran5050.com/?s=ضرب+و+جرح
در مورد مهریه لینک ذیل را مطالعه فرمایید
http://iran5050.com/?s=مهریه
در مورد نفقه لینک ذیل را مطالعه فرمایید
http://iran5050.com/?s=در+مورد+نفقه
در مورد تصادف لینک ذیل را مطالعه فرمایید
http://iran5050.com/?s=تصادف
در مورد دعاوی ملکی لینک ذیل را مطالعه فرمایید
http://iran5050.com/?s=ملک
در مورد چک لینک ذیل را مطالعه نمایید
http://iran5050.com/?s=چک
و در مورد سامانه ثنا لینک ذیل را مطالعه فرمایید
سامانه ثنا روند پرونده شما را اعلام می نماید و شما می توانید از شکایت و موضوع شکایت و دستور قاضی مطلع شوید
http://iran5050.com/?s=سامانه+ثنا
در مورد دریافت خدمات قضایی از تلفن همراه لینک ذیل را مطالعه فرمایید
مانند فراموشی رمز ورود و غیره
http://iran5050.com/?p=857
در مورد شکایت از قضات لینک ذیل را مطالعه فرمایید
http://iran5050.com/?p=2625

لازم بذکر است
در بسیاری موارد شهروندان با توجه به پرداخت هزینه بالای وکلاء ، متاسفانه هیچ نتیجه ای بدست نیاورده اند
لذا این سامانه در جهت رفاه شهروندان ایرانی داخل و خارج کشور و کاهش هزینه های قضایی در صورت نیاز به لایحه ، دادخواست ، شکایت، دفاعیه ، مطالعه پرونده ،تجدید نظرخواهی و اعاده دادرسی ، درخواست خود با را به همرا مدارک ارسال نمایید تا کارشناسان مجرب و دانشگاهی ، درخواست شما را بررسی کرده و مدارک لازم را تنظیم و برای شما ارسال نمایند.
همچنین مستقیما می توانید از کانال تلگرامی ذیل کلیه اطلاعات لازم را بدست آورید.
iran5050com@
@iran5050com
https://chat.whatsapp.com/LXJ0EtK4nSV3I7cC0192nV
از صبر و شکیبایی شما متشکریم

 4,199 total views,  2 views today

انتشار توسط 8 تم
با کلیک روی عکس،  سوال خود را یطور خودکار درواتساپ طرح نمایید وپاسخ رایگان دریافت نمایید

86 نظر

  1. What’s up mates, its fantastic paragraph about educationand completely defined, keep it up all the time.|

  2. It’s remarkable in favor of me to have a web
    page, which is helpful for my experience. thanks admin

  3. I am regular visitor, how are you everybody? This paragraph posted at this web site is in fact nice.

  4. I really like your writing style, superb info, thanks for posting :
    D.

    Here is my web blog … Full Releaf CBD

  5. You actually said this perfectly.
    essay writing services
    help me with my essay https://findwritemyessay.com/

  6. Very good knowledge, Thanks.
    writing service
    paperwriting services https://expertspaperwritingservices.com/

  7. It’s not my first time to pay a quick visit this site, i am browsing
    this website dailly and obtain good data from here everyday.

  8. When I originally commented I clicked the “Notify me when new comments are added”
    checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get four emails with the same comment.

    Is there any way you can remove people from that service?
    Cheers!

  9. If you are going for finest contents like myself, just pay a visit this website daily
    for the reason that it offers feature contents, thanks

  10. If you are going for best contents like I do, only visit this web page daily for the reason that
    it offers quality contents, thanks

  11. Generally I don’t read article on blogs, however I would like
    to say that this write-up very compelled me to check out and do so!
    Your writing taste has been amazed me. Thanks, very nice article.

  12. Thanks for the marvelous posting! I quite enjoyed
    reading it, you may be a great author. I will be sure to bookmark your
    blog and definitely will come back someday. I want to encourage you to definitely continue your great work, have a nice holiday weekend!

  13. Thanks for one’s marvelous posting! I truly enjoyed reading
    it, you can be a great author.I will be sure to bookmark your
    blog and definitely will come back in the future.

    I want to encourage continue your great work, have a nice holiday weekend!

  14. I just like the valuable information you provide
    in your articles. I will bookmark your blog and check once more right here regularly.
    I am rather certain I will learn plenty of new stuff right right here!
    Best of luck for the following!

  15. Hey There. I found your blog using msn. This is an extremely well
    written article. I will make sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your
    useful info. Thanks for the post. I’ll definitely return.

  16. Hmm it appears like your site ate my first comment (it was extremely
    long) so I guess I’ll just sum it up what I had written and
    say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog. I as well am
    an aspiring blog blogger but I’m still new
    to everything. Do you have any tips for first-time blog writers?

    I’d really appreciate it.

  17. It’s very effortless to find out any matter on web as compared to textbooks, as I found this
    paragraph at this site.

  18. Very nice post. I simply stumbled upon your blog and wished
    to say that I have truly loved surfing around your weblog posts.
    In any case I will be subscribing on your rss feed and
    I am hoping you write again soon!

  19. I know this web page provides quality depending articles or reviews and other material, is there
    any other site which gives such stuff in quality?

  20. This is a good tip especially to those new to
    the blogosphere. Short but very precise info… Thanks for sharing this
    one. A must read article!

  21. Oh my goodness! Amazing article dude! Many thanks, However I am having issues with your RSS.
    I don’t know the reason why I cannot subscribe to it. Is there anyone else having the same
    RSS issues? Anyone who knows the answer will you kindly respond?

    Thanx!!

  22. A motivating discussion is worth comment. I believe that you need to write more about this issue,
    it may not be a taboo matter but typically people do not talk about these topics.
    To the next! Best wishes!!

  23. Does your website have a contact page? I’m having trouble locating it but, I’d like to shoot you an email. I’ve got some suggestions for your blog you might be interested in hearing. Either way, great blog and I look forward to seeing it grow over time.|

  24. dating sites free,dating online free
    dating sites free,free online dating http://freedatingste.com/

  25. Nice post. I learn something new and challenging on blogs I stumbleupon everyday.
    It’s always helpful to read through content from other authors and use
    something from other websites.

  26. This piece of writing is in fact a pleasant one it assists new net users, who are
    wishing in favor of blogging.

  27. Hi there! This post could not be written any better!
    Reading through this post reminds me of my previous room mate!
    He always kept chatting about this. I will forward this page to him.

    Fairly certain he will have a good read. Thank you for sharing!

  28. Wow that was strange. I just wrote an extremely long comment but
    after I clicked submit my comment didn’t show up.
    Grrrr… well I’m not writing all that over again. Regardless, just
    wanted to say wonderful blog!

  29. Howdy just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The text in your post seem to be running off the screen in Internet explorer.
    I’m not sure if this is a formatting issue or something to do
    with browser compatibility but I figured I’d post to let you know.
    The style and design look great though!
    Hope you get the problem solved soon. Cheers

  30. This site was… how do you say it? Relevant!! Finally I’ve found something that helped me.
    Appreciate it!

  31. magnificent issues altogether, you just won a emblem new reader.
    What could you suggest in regards to your put up that
    you simply made a few days in the past? Any certain?

  32. Hey! I’m at work surfing around your blog from my new iphone 4!
    Just wanted to say I love reading your blog and look forward to all
    your posts! Carry on the superb work!

  33. Fantastic items from you, man. I have remember your stuff prior
    to and you are simply extremely magnificent. I really like
    what you’ve acquired here, certainly like what you are saying and
    the way by which you say it. You’re making it enjoyable and
    you still care for to stay it smart. I can’t wait to read much
    more from you. This is really a wonderful website.

  34. I will immediately snatch your rss as I can’t find
    your email subscription link or newsletter service.
    Do you have any? Kindly let me recognise so that I may subscribe.
    Thanks.

  35. I don’t even know how I ended up here, but I thought this
    post was great. I don’t know who you are but certainly you are
    going to a famous blogger if you aren’t already 😉 Cheers!

  36. I don’t even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post
    was great. I don’t know who you are but definitely you’re going to a famous blogger if you are not
    already 😉 Cheers!

  37. That is a good tip especially to those new to the blogosphere.
    Brief but very accurate information… Thank you
    for sharing this one. A must read post!

  38. Wonderful site you have here but I was curious if you knew of any community forums that cover
    the same topics talked about here? I’d really love to be a part of community where I can get opinions
    from other knowledgeable people that share the same interest.
    If you have any recommendations, please let me know. Thanks!

  39. Good info. Lucky me I recently found your site by chance (stumbleupon).
    I have bookmarked it for later!

  40. hello there and thank you for your info – I’ve definitely picked up anything new from right here.
    I did however expertise several technical issues using this site, as
    I experienced to reload the website many times previous to
    I could get it to load correctly. I had been wondering
    if your hosting is OK? Not that I am complaining, but slow loading instances times will often affect
    your placement in google and can damage your high-quality score if
    advertising and marketing with Adwords. Anyway I am adding
    this RSS to my email and can look out for much more of your respective intriguing
    content. Ensure that you update this again soon.

  41. I absolutely love your blog.. Excellent colors &
    theme. Did you develop this site yourself? Please reply back as I’m trying to create my own blog and would like
    to find out where you got this from or what the theme is named.
    Cheers!

  42. I was recommended this website by way of my cousin. I’m now not sure whether or not
    this put up is written by means of him as no one else know
    such certain about my problem. You are incredible!

    Thank you!

  43. Howdy! I’m at work surfing around your blog from my new
    iphone 4! Just wanted to say I love reading through your blog and look forward to all your posts!
    Carry on the fantastic work!

  44. Pretty element of content. I simply stumbled upon your web site and in accession capital to assert that I acquire in fact loved account your weblog
    posts. Anyway I’ll be subscribing in your augment and even I success you get admission to consistently
    quickly.

  45. Great post. I was checking constantly this blog and I am inspired!
    Very useful information specifically the final phase 🙂 I handle such info much.

    I used to be seeking this certain info for a very lengthy time.

    Thanks and good luck.

  46. Can I simply say what a relief to discover someone who
    truly knows what they are talking about on the web.
    You definitely realize how to bring an issue to light and
    make it important. More and more people have to check this out and understand this side of your story.
    I was surprised that you’re not more popular since you surely possess the gift.

  47. Hi Dear, are you really visiting this website regularly, if so after that you will absolutely get fastidious knowledge.

  48. Spot on with this write-up, I honestly feel this web site needs a lot more attention. I’ll probably be back again to
    read more, thanks for the advice!

  49. We absolutely love your blog and find the majority of your post’s to be what precisely I’m looking for.
    can you offer guest writers to write content for yourself?
    I wouldn’t mind writing a post or elaborating on a lot of the
    subjects you write about here. Again, awesome web site!

  50. Hi, i feel that i noticed you visited my web site thus i came to return the desire?.I am attempting to in finding issues to enhance my website!I suppose
    its ok to use some of your concepts!!

  51. If you wish for to get a great deal from this article then you have to apply
    such techniques to your won website.

  52. Hi there, this weekend is fastidious in favor of me, because this
    point in time i am reading this fantastic informative
    article here at my home.

  53. Hi there are using WordPress for your blog platform?

    I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and set up my own. Do
    you require any html coding expertise to make your own blog?
    Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  54. I do not know whether it’s just me or if everyone else encountering problems with your site. It appears as if some of the text in your content are running off the screen. Can someone else please provide feedback and let me know if this is happening to them as well? This might be a issue with my web browser because I’ve had this happen before. Thank you|

  55. Quality articles is the main to interest the visitors to pay a visit the web page,
    that’s what this site is providing.

  56. Hi there! This post could not be written any better! Going through this article reminds me of my previous roommate! He constantly kept talking about this. I will send this article to him. Fairly certain he’ll have a very good read. Thanks for sharing!|

  57. It’s a pity you don’t have a donate button! I’d certainly donate to this fantastic blog! I suppose for now i’ll settle for bookmarking and adding your RSS feed to my Google account. I look forward to brand new updates and will share this blog with my Facebook group. Talk soon!|

  58. Hi! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any trouble with hackers?
    My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing
    months of hard work due to no backup. Do you have any solutions to protect against hackers?

    games ps4 allenferguson games ps4

  59. I was suggested this website by my cousin. I’m not sure whether this post is written by him as no one
    else know such detailed about my problem. You’re wonderful!

    Thanks! games ps4 185413490784 games ps4

  60. I am really impressed with your writing skills as well as with the layout
    on your blog. Is this a paid theme or did you customize it
    yourself? Either way keep up the excellent quality writing, it’s rare to see a nice blog like this one these
    days.

  61. Nice post. I was checking constantly this blog and I’m impressed!

    Extremely helpful information specially the remaining phase 🙂 I take care of such info a lot.
    I was looking for this certain info for a very long time.
    Thanks and good luck.

  62. I have read so many articles or reviews on the topic of the blogger lovers except this paragraph
    is in fact a fastidious piece of writing, keep it up.

  63. I think this is one of the most important information for me.
    And i am glad reading your article. But should remark on some
    general things, The site style is ideal, the articles is really great : D.
    Good job, cheers

  64. Do you mind if I quote a couple of your posts as long as I provide
    credit and sources back to your weblog? My blog site is in the exact same
    area of interest as yours and my visitors would certainly benefit from a lot
    of the information you provide here. Please let me know if this okay with you.
    Appreciate it!

  65. Ahaa, its fastidious conversation concerning this piece of writing here at
    this web site, I have read all that, so now me also commenting at this place.

  66. It’s awesome in favor of me to have a web page, which is helpful for my knowledge.

    thanks admin asmr 0mniartist

  67. Hi it’s me, I am also visiting this web site on a regular basis, this
    web site is genuinely pleasant and the people are actually sharing nice thoughts.

  68. do you need a prescription for viagra in canada https://canadaviagrastore.com/ viagra canada pharmarcy

  69. sildenafil buy online without a prescription https://eunicesildenafilcitrate.com/ buy sildenafil with visa

  70. Good day! I just would like to offer you a huge thumbs up for the
    great information you have right here on this post. I will be coming back to
    your site for more soon.

  71. Hi there to all, it’s truly a fastidious for
    me to pay a visit this web site, it consists of helpful Information.

  72. Hmm it appears like your site ate my first comment (it was
    super long) so I guess I’ll just sum it up what I submitted and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog.

    I as well am an aspiring blog writer but I’m still new to everything.
    Do you have any recommendations for inexperienced blog writers?
    I’d certainly appreciate it.

  73. You actually make it seem really easy with your presentation however
    I to find this topic to be really one thing
    that I think I would by no means understand.
    It kind of feels too complicated and very broad for me. I am having
    a look ahead to your next publish, I’ll attempt to get the hold of it!

  74. cialis through canadian pharmacies https://canadacialisstore.com/ canadian pharmacy for cialis

  75. I just like the helpful info you provide to your articles. I’ll bookmark your weblog and test again here regularly. I am rather certain I’ll be told plenty of new stuff proper here! Good luck for the following!|

  76. I do not even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was great.
    I don’t know who you are but definitely you are going to a famous blogger if you are not
    already 😉 Cheers!

جوابی بنویسید

ایمیل شما نشر نخواهد شدخانه های ضروری نشانه گذاری شده است. *

*